Ocimum sanctum: Phytochemical Screening and its Activity as Biopesticide against Musca domestica

-, Surahmaida and -, Umarudin (2019) Ocimum sanctum: Phytochemical Screening and its Activity as Biopesticide against Musca domestica. International Journal of Science and Research b), 6 (8). ISSN e-ISSN: 2319-7064

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A study of basil leaf extract (Ocimum sanctum) phytochemical screening and its potential as a botanical pesticides against houseflies (Musca domestica) has been carried out. The research method used was extracting basil leaves with maceration method using n-hexane solvents, phytochemical screening using chemical reagents and GCMS and its toxicity to houseflies by spray method. Variations in extract concentrations were 5%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% and counted the number of dead flies at intervals of 5 minutes, 10 minutes and 15 minutes. The results of phytochemical screening with chemical reagents showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and essential oils; and chemical compounds identified by GCMS, among others neral; 2,4- (D2) menth-2-ene; 4,5- Diclorotricyclo [ (2,6)] dodec-3-en-11-one; 1- (4-phenylcyclohexyl) -1-hexanone; ethyl linoleolate; 3 (5) - (4’-Chlorophenyl) -4- nitroso-5 (3) -phenylaminopyrazole; eicosane; 2- (Acetoxymethyl) -3- (methoxycarbonyl) biphenylene; 6H, 16H, 31H-5,9: 15,19- Dimethano-10,14-metheno-26,30-nitrilo-5H, 25H-dibenzo [b, s]. The toxicity test results showed that at a concentration of 10% -40%, n-hexane extract was able to kill Musca domestica by 100% in the first 5 minutes of observation. It can be concluded that basil leaf extract can control houseflies. Keywords: Bioactive compounds of n-hexane extract of Ocimum sanctum leaves, houseflies, mortality

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Kesehatan > Farmasi > Mikrobiologi
Depositing User: Elvia Ikasari
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2020 02:24
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2020 02:24
URI: http://repository.akfarsurabaya.ac.id/id/eprint/265

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